Vitrified Scottish Forts

TapONoth1    craig phadrig

I do not know how many times I have been asked about this. Every time the word “vitrification” is stated in my research as well as that of Jan Peter de Jong’s, Jesus Gamarra’s and Bob Newton’s, a lot of folks cite the research on the Scottish Vitrified Forts. As Jan Peter will tell you, the vitrified vestiges in Peru are a different kettle of fish. No ne seems to have addressed the research and the investigations into the 60 or more vitrified forts in Scotland. For this short article I will try my best to explain the Scottish vitrification process and will focus on what is known as “Fully Vitrified” .

What is Full/Total Vitrification?

Total vitrification appears to be the application of an extreme temperature evenly throughout the entire length or significant section of the rampart for a significant time, to the extent that the rock face of the rampart actually melts and forms a glassy or bubbled surface. Craig Phadrig for example shows signs of intense heat vitrification along the entire 230m circumference of its interior rampart. craig phadrig

There have been many theories as to how vitrification has occurred in some ancient forts, ranging from the use of special chemicals to the composition of the rocks used for the forts. As a result of research it has been concluded that the in order to create a “true” vitrified rampart, the heat required is in excess of 1000 degrees centigrade applied consistently over large areas of the wall, in close proximity for a significant period of time.

Site Record for Craig Phadrig :

Attempts to re-create vitrification

So far only limited experimental research has been done to re-create the vitrification process, usually in order to prove a particular theory and often with dubious results. However these albeit limited experiments can give further evidence of the determined effort required to produce a truely vitrified fort. A team of chemists on Arthur C. Clarke’s Mysterious World subjected rock samples from 11 forts to rigorous chemical analysis, and stated that the temperatures needed to produce the vitrification were so intense–up to 1,100°C–that a simple burning of walls with wood interlaced with stone could not have achieved such temperatures.

Examples of Fully Vitrified Scottish Forts

Barra Hill in Perth :


Finavon in Angus :


Tap o’Noth in Inverurie :


Research Theories/Myths and Legends

For over 250 years, archaeologists studying ancient Scottish ruins have reported a type of construction said to defy explanation. About sixty of these rough stone wall enclosures have been found throughout Scotland, and even a few scattered across mainland Europe. Most are prehistoric. Called vitrified forts, they’re notable for a unique and surprising feature. The rocks that make up the walls were originally stacked dry, with no mortar; but have been fused together into a solid surface through a process called vitrification, the transformation into glass. A Welsh poem written by Taliesin speaks of King Arthur and a glass castle.  Many fairy tales have featured glass castles, a somewhat improbable concept if one is thinking of a castle as a strong fortress, but if vitrified rock is what is meant, then it becomes much more plausible.
The Castle of Glass Quote
“It is relevant that we should try to interpret the meaning behind the well-known legend that Merlin was confined on Bardsey Island in a glass castle with the thirteen treasures of Britain. He apparently lies there in an enchanted sleep awaiting the return of Arthur.
Legends in most cases are based on folk memories and even though they may appear to be nothing more than fairy stories, they sometimes contain an element of truth. We found the idea of a glass castle particularly interesting and it deserved further investigation.
In the bard Taliesin’s Preiddiau Annwfn (‘The Spoils of Annwn’), we found that Annwn is depicted as a four-cornered glass fortress standing on an island. Lewis Morris, in his Celtic Remains, (1878), locates the Ty Gwydr (House of Glass) of Merlin the Wild on Bardsey Island and, according to the 16th century Peniarth Manuscript (No. 147), he went there, accompanied by nine bards, and took with him the thirteen treasures of Britain. The Oxford Manuscript of La Folie Tristan informed us that Morgan, the Queen of Avalon, lived in a chamber of glass on which all the rays of the sun converged. We were consistently finding statements in Welsh and Irish tradition which referred to Annwn as Caer Wydr (Glass Castle). Gradually, we began to consider the possibility that such a building might have been the equivalent of a modem glass house. In other words, a chamber with glass windows which might conceivably be used as a solarium where illness was treated by therapeutic light. The ‘Castle of Glass’ was clearly a solar paradise.”

Robert Schoch


Robert Schoch has produced a paper on the subject, stating……..

“As appealing as ancient nuclear weapons may be to
some sensibilities, I have my doubts and as a geologist I
tend to look for other, more naturalistic, explanations
first. However, the evidence does suggest that the caus-
ative factor originated from the skies above.”
alien nuke

As usual, theories range from Aliens to Nuclear Weapons – I know what I think, how about you?


Anne Tittensor, Robert Schoch, Brigantesnation, Skeptoid, Journey to Avalon, Canmore site plans (Scotland)


About usoksglobal

Bob and Anne have been working together for the past 7 years connecting ancient cultures and their migratory paths around the planet. Time and research into these ancient connections have produced results that have connected the continents in times said to be impossible just a short time ago. Join them, US, as we continue to share what we find along the way. Anne Tittensor, an Independent Researcher, specialising in Global Connective Stonework, Global Connective Symbology and Ancient Quantum Physics. Originally from Scotland, I have travelled the world seeking evidence of a lost civilisation from Turkey to Peru, from Easter Island to America and beyond. visit @: The Rogue Researcher AKA Bob Newton, is an independent researcher that has been researching heavily for the past 8 years into the history behind the Mis-Story we have been taught. Specialising in the Lost Continent of MU, The Rogue Researcher investigates clues to our hidden past. Clues that are hidden in plain sight. visit @:
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6 Responses to Vitrified Scottish Forts

  1. Quite a mystery. Seems to me evidence that we aren’t the first technological civilization, perhaps.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. David Cowan says:

    A friend of mine Bob Brydon, showed me a piece of vitrified rock when I gave a talk about ley lines in the Theosophical Society in Edinburgh. I was stunned when he pointed out the branch of a tree still visible in the mass. It was not very heavily carbonised as I thought it should be, although my memory may be playing tricks as it was about 50 years ago.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Check this out –

    I don’t think we are the first “advanced” civilisation at all. 🙂


  4. Tog says:

    Reblogged this on sideshowtog.


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